Acid Reflux

Description:
Acid reflux is the common term for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Acid reflux is a condition where acid from the stomach into the esophagus. The backup of liquid from the stomach is not exclusively acid, but also includes Pepsin (a digestive enzyme) and bile that has backed up from the duodenum. Acid reflux is a chronic condition that is usually a life long battle. Treating the condition with medicine usually will allow the esophagus to heal; however, once the medicine is stopped, the condition persists and the injury to the esophagus often returns.
Acid Reflux is most common in individuals who are pregnant, obese, or suffering from diseases that weaken the muscles of the esophagus such as scleroderma.

Symptoms of Acid Reflux:

  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Regurgitation


Treatment:
There are many treatments for Acid Reflux. Lifestyle changes (altering eating and sleeping habits), antacids, histamine antagonists (Tagamet), proton pump inhibitors (Prilosec, Prevacid, Aciphex, Protonix, Nexium), pro-motility drugs (Reglan), foam barriers, and surgery (weight loss surgery and fundoplication)

Medical Risks:

  • Asthma
  • Barrett's esophagus
  • Chronic cough
  • Fluid in the sinuses and inner ear
  • Infection of the lungs
  • Inflammation of the throat and larynx
  • Strictures
  • Ulcers